Common Causes of Peripheral Vertigo and Central Vertigo

For sure, every patient and upper cervical chiropractor in Snellville, Georgia can relate to how challenging of a condition vertigo is. Without a doubt, it is a tough disorder to experience and manage.

Vertigo is a form of dizziness that causes a false sensation of movement. The movement can either be a tilting, spinning or swaying feeling. It can make a person fall or experience nausea and vomiting.

How can a person effectively manage the symptoms of vertigo? What is the role of an upper cervical chiropractor in Snellville, Georgia in vertigo care? Keep on reading to learn the answers.

Quick Explanation of Vertigo

Before we reveal the answers to those questions, let us begin by analyzing what vertigo is and its causes. This will ease the daunting process of finding care for vertigo.     

Vertigo is a symptom, not a condition. Therefore, vertigo has an underlying cause, and its detection is critical to achieving long-term relief. 

What are the common causes of vertigo? Vertigo has two categories. The first is called peripheral vertigo. This type of vertigo occurs due to an issue in the inner ear, the part responsible for our body’s sense of balance and spatial orientation.

The second category is central vertigo. Vertigo under this group stem from a problem in the central nervous system (CNS). 

Peripheral Vertigo Causes

Peripheral vertigo is the more common root cause of vertigo. Several conditions can affect the functions of the ear, resulting in the false feeling of movement. Some of them are the following:

  • Medication side effects

Some medications include vertigo as a potential side effect in their label. Here are some categories of prescription medications that can cause vertigo:

  • Some antibiotics
  • Diuretics (water pill)
  • Some cancer medications
  • Drugs containing salicylates
  • BPPV

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the number one diagnosis that brings about vertigo. Positional vertigo can occur due to the moving away of calcium crystals in the inner ear from their proper canal. Since these crystals detect movement, their relocation results in vertigo. A type of exercise called Epley maneuver can help bring back the calcium crystals in their proper area, thus resulting in the restoration of the body’s balance.

  • Labyrinthitis

The labyrinth is the internal part of the ear. Catching a cold or flu virus can result in the inflammation of the labyrinth. As a result, vertigo develops. Labyrinthitis can persist for a week or more following the illness.

  • Meniere’s disease

Not only does Meniere’s disease bring about severe and recurrent episodes of vertigo, but it also causes tinnitus (ringing in the ear), gradual hearing loss, and a feeling of fullness in the affected ear. The majority of its cases only affect one ear (unilateral), at least in the initial phases. Also, patients with Meniere’s often have too much fluid in the affected ear.

  • Vestibular neuronitis

Like labyrinthitis, it occurs following a cold or flu. Their only difference is in vestibular neuronitis, the inflammation affects the vestibular nerve, the eighth cranial nerve. This nerve relays signals to the brain about spatial orientation and balance. Vertigo is a typical result if inflammation exists in this area.

  • Traumatic injury

Head or neck injury commonly goes before the arrival of vertigo. It is also a sign of post-concussion syndrome

Central Vertigo Causes

Below are some of the common culprits behind central vertigo:

  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

About 20% of patients with MS experience vertigo. When someone has multiple sclerosis, the body attacks the myelin sheath of the nerves. The resulting scar tissue brings about the symptoms such as vertigo.

  • Migraines

Around 40% of migraine patients experience vertigo, according to the Vestibular Disorders Association. This makes migraines one of the leading causes of central vertigo. Patients who have migraine-associated vertigo (also called vestibular migraine) have migraines combined with vertigo symptoms. They may experience sensitivity to motion, sounds, and light.

  • Seizures

Although rare, epileptic vertigo can cause both seizures and vertigo. 

  • Stroke

A rare yet life-threatening cause of vertigo. Be mindful of the symptoms of a stroke and call 911 immediately if you are experiencing some of it. Time is of the essence in getting care when it comes to a stroke. 

Vertigo Help from an Upper Cervical Chiropractor in Snellville, Georgia

Vertigo may also develop if a misalignment of the C1 and C2 vertebrae exists. Unknown by many, a misalignment in the upper neck has negative effects on both the ears and the central nervous system. Below are some of it:

  • Restrained eustachian tube function

The distance between the atlas (C1) and the ears are close. Thus, when the atlas misaligns, it can result in the inhibited function of the eustachian tube. It can hinder the ability of the tubes to accurately drain fluid away from the ears, thus resulting in vertigo. 

  • Brainstem malfunction

When the C1 and C2 move out of its alignment, it can cause many issues within the CNS. One example is the malfunction of the brainstem, the communication pathway between the brain and body. If the brainstem does not work as it should, it may start sending incorrect signals to the brain, leading to vertigo. 

  • Disruption in the blood circulation

Upper cervical misalignments can interrupt blood flow to the head. This can damage both the ears and the brain. 
Upper cervical chiropractic can address all the above issues through gentle adjustments of the C1 vertebra. Whether you have peripheral or central vertigo, if you experience a false sense of movement, please contact Humber Chiropractic in Snellville, Georgia by calling (770) 979-8327. You may also schedule a consultation online using our web form. Correct alignment of the atlas can be your first start towards breaking free from vertigo.

To schedule a consultation with Dr. Humber, call our Snellville office at 770-979-8327, or you can also click the button below.

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Humber Clinic, PC
2336 Wisteria Drive Suite 110
Snellville, GA 30078
(770) 979-8327
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